Every day each of us encounters situations and problems which require solutions. When those problems are caused by others who are not willing, or able, to correct those problems, often the only option will be to seek assistance from the public court system. The use of this system is known as Civil Litigation.
Civil Litigation is distinguished from criminal litigation, in that the former deals with the use of the court system between 2 or more private parties (who can be people, corporations, or even governments), and the latter deals with criminal charges laid by the police and subsequently prosecuted by the government via the Crown Attorney’s office.
Virtually every problem that arises between two or more parties could require the use of the courts to be resolved. However, some of the more commonly seen areas of litigation are as follows:
Often cases are started within the public court system but it subsequently becomes apparent that it may be prudent for the parties to ultimately solve their differences through the use of mediation or arbitration, which is known as Alternative Dispute Resolution, or ‘ADR’. ADR is becoming increasingly prevalent, and indeed encouraged, often for the following reasons: